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Species Lists

Species Lists
Exotic Species of the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary

Reviewed by J. Carlton, C. Haugen, J. Pearse, M. Silberstein and P. Slattery.

Common name

Scientific name

Origin

Habitat

Source

Terrestrial plants
European dune grass Ammophila arenaria Europe Coastal foredune Dawson and Foster, 1982
Sea rocket Cakile edentula E. North America Coastal foredune Hickman, 1993
Sea rocket Cakile maritima Europe Coastal foredune Hickman, 1993
Sea fig Carpobrotus chilensis S. Africa Coastal foredune Hickman, 1993
Hottentot fig Carpobrotus edulis S. Africa Coastal foredune Hickman, 1993; Dawson and Foster, 1982
Brass buttons Cotula coronopifolia S. Africa Elkhorn Slough Hickman, 1993
Cut-leaved plantain Plantago coronopus Europe Elkhorn Slough Hickman, 1993
Sand spurrey Spergularia bocconii Europe Elkhorn Slough Hickman, 1993
Narrow-leaf cattail Typha angustifolia Elkhorn Slough DeVogelaere et al., in progress
Algae
brown alga Sargassum muticum probably Japan Elkhorn Slough Dawson and Foster, 1982
Invertebrates
sponge Halichondria bowerbankii east U.S. Elkhorn Slough Pearse, pers. comm.
sponge Hymeniacidon sp. Elkhorn Slough Pearse, pers. comm.
hydroid Ectopleura (Tubularia) crocea Atlantic Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980; Carlton, pers. comm.
Moon jelly Aurelia sp. Japan Pelagic zone Greenberg et al., 1996
anemone Diadumene lineata (Haliplanella luciae) Japan Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980; Carlton, pers. comm.
nudibranch Tenellia adspersa Atlantic Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
Mud snail Batillaria attramentaria Japan Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
snail Myosotella myosotis (Ovatella myosotis) Atlantic Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980; Carlton, pers. comm.
mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis S. Europe Elkhorn Slough, rocky coast McDonald and Koehn, 1988
Gem clam Gemma gemma Atlantic Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
Japanese cockle Vererupis philippinarum (Tapes japonica) Japan Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980; Carlton, pers. comm.
Soft-shelled clam Mya arenaria Atlantic Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
Shipworm Lyrodus pedicellatus Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
polychaete Polydora ligni Atlantic Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
polychaete Pseudopolydora paucibranchiata Japan Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
polychaete Streblospio benedicti Atlantic Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
polychaete Mercierella enigmatica Australasia Old Salinas River Alicea, pers. comm.; Smith and Carlton, 1980
copepod Mytilicola orientalis Japan Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
isopod Limnoria quadripunctata Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
amphipod Corophium acherusicum Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
amphipod Corophium insidiosum Atlantic Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
amphipod Corophium uenoi Japan Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
amphipod Melita nitida east U. S. Elkhorn Slough Slattery, pers. comm.
amphipod Grandidierella japonica Asia Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
amphipod Ampithoe valida east U. S. Elkhorn Slough Slattery, pers. comm.
amphipod Parapleustes derzhavini Elkhorn Slough Slattery, pers. comm.
amphipod Jassa marmorata Atlantic Harbors (fouling) Conlan, 1990; Carlton, pers. comm.
Green crab Carcinus maenas Europe Elkhorn Slough Grosholz and Ruiz, 1996
Oriental shrimp Palaemon macrodactylus Korea/Japan/China Moss Landing Harbor Standing, 1981
Skeleton shrimp Caprella mutica Japan Elkhorn Slough Marelli, 1982
bryozoan Schizoporella unicornis Asia Elkhorn Slough Smith and Carlton, 1980
bryozoan Watersipora sp. Elkhorn Slough Pearse, pers. comm.
Vertebrates
Yellowfin goby Acanthogobius flavimanus Japan, China, Korea Elkhorn Slough Eschmeyer et al., 1983
American shad (anadromous) Alosa sapioissima Atlantic Pelagic zone Eschmeyer et al., 1983
Striped bass (anadromous) Morone saxatilis Atlantic Pelagic zone Eschmeyer et al., 1983
Red fox Vulpes vulpes subspecies North America Coastal foredune Jurek, 1992
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Europe Harbors Slattery. pers. comm.
The following species have not been observed in Elkhorn Slough or Moss Landing Harbor, but are potential invaders if not yet present (Slattery, pers. comm.; Carlton, pers. comm.)
Invertebrates
snail Philine auriformis New Zealand Elkhorn Slough Slattery, pers. comm.
clam Musculista senhousei Japan Elkhorn Slough Slattery, pers. comm.
clam Potamocorbula amurensis Asia Elkhorn Slough Slattery, pers. comm.
amphipod Ampelisca abdita east U.S. Elkhorn Slough Slattery, pers. comm.
Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis China/Korea Elkhorn Slough Slattery, pers. comm.
tunicate Botrylloides sp. Moss Landing Harbor Carlton, pers. comm.
tunicate Styela clava Moss Landing Harbor Carlton, pers. comm.
tunicate Ciona sp. Moss Landing Harbor Carlton, pers. comm.
bryozoan Bowerbankia gracilis Moss Landing Harbor Carlton, pers. comm.
bryozoan Bugula "neritina" Moss Landing Harbor Carlton, pers. comm.
URL: http://montereybay.noaa.gov/sitechar/spex.html    Reviewed: March 05, 2014
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