Skip to main content
Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary National Marine Sanctuaries Home Page National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Home Page

Ecosystem-Based Management

A yelloweye rockfish seeks refuge in metridium anemones

The ocean's health is critical to all life on the planet, as well as to our economic and physical well-being. Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary (MBNMS) is particularly important because it supports one of the world's most diverse and productive marine ecosystems. The sanctuary is affected by many human activities that are actively managed by local, state, and federal agencies to reduce risks posed by pollution, resource extraction and habitat degradation. While specific agencies often concentrate on single issues or resources, protecting the ecosystem as a whole requires an integrated approach.

MBNMS focuses ecosystem-based management efforts on the interconnections among all the physical and biological features of the marine environment, as well as on the interactions among the various resource users and managers.

How is the Sanctuary involved?

Current Projects:

  • Collaborative Groundfish Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) Proposal (7.8M PDF)
  • In 2013/14, the Pacific Fisheries Management Council will be deliberating on proposals to modify boundaries for Groundfish Essential Fish Habitat coastwide. The overall goal of the MBNMS proposal is to protect more total area and more sensitive habitats in MBNMS while improving fishing opportunities for the bottom trawl fleet relative to the current array of EFH Conservation Areas. The proposal development process was led by MBNMS staff, and stakeholders included MBNMS Advisory Council (SAC) representatives (Harbors and Commercial Fishing), Alliance of Communities for Sustainable Fisheries, Monterey Bay trawl fishermen, the City of Monterey, Oceana, Natural Resources Defense Council, Ocean Conservancy, The Nature Conservancy, the California Risk Pool and Environmental Defense Fund. The primary goals are:

    1. identify groundfish habitat in MBNMS not currently protected
    2. propose new EFH Habitat Areas of Particular Concern (HAPCs) and new Conservation Areas that minimize adverse fishing impacts
    3. propose reopening certain sections of existing EFH Conservation Areas for fishing
  • Establishing Sanctuary Ecologically Significant Areas
  • Coordinating on the California Current Integrated Ecosystem Assessments with NMFS and other agencies

Past Projects:

URL:    Reviewed: July 03, 2019
Web Site Owner: National Ocean Service

Take Our Survey | Privacy Statement | Site Disclaimer
National Marine Sanctuaries | National Ocean Service | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration |