National marine sanctuary offices and visitor centers closed to the public; waters remain open

NOAA's national marine sanctuary offices and visitor centers are currently closed to the public, and in accordance with Executive Order 13991 - Protecting the Federal Workforce and Requiring Mask Wearing, all individuals in NOAA-managed areas are required to follow Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidance on mask-wearing and maintaining social distances. Sanctuary waters remain open for responsible use in accordance with CDC guidance, U.S. Coast Guard requirements, and local regulations. More information on the response from NOAA's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries can be found on

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Cross section of typical Central California kelp forest showing distribution of common species and microhabitats associated with the forest.

    A. Canopy assemblages (isopods, tubeworms, and bryozoans).
    B. Planktonic assemblages (jellyfish, fish larvae, diatoms, and crustaceans).
    C. Holdfast assemblages (sea urchins, crustaceans, brittle stars, and anemones).
    D. Horizontal substrate assemblages (urchins, sea stars, algae, tunicates, and bottom fish).
    E. Vertical wall assemblages (coralline algae, anemones, cup corals, sponges, and bryozoans).
Revised from Foster et al. 1983.