The MBNMS was officially established in 1992 (U.S. Dept. of Commerce 1992), by
authority of the Secretary of Commerce under the 1972 Marine Protection,
Research, and Sanctuaries Act (Title III, as amended 16 U.S.C. §§1431
et seq.). This designation was achieved 15 years after it was first nominated
by the State of California for consideration as a national marine sanctuary.
During this period, many site analyses and meetings were conducted to determine
whether this region met the designation criteria required by the Secretary
of Commerce, i.e. that:
The MBNMS is one of fourteen marine sanctuaries in U.S. waters, and the
most recently designated of the four in California. Management of all National
Marine Sanctuaries falls under the jurisdiction of the National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the U.S. Department of Commerce
(Figure 3). The Sanctuaries and Reserves Division of NOAA, headquartered
in Silver Spring, Maryland, provides national oversight and information exchange for
the MBNMS and the thirteen other sanctuaries designated to date under the National
Marine Sanctuary Program.
The Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary and
the National Marine Sanctuary Program
The National Marine Sanctuary Program's goals, to be upheld by the MBNMS
and all designated marine sanctuaries, are to:
This MBNMS site characterization will provide readily accessible, current
resource information which will significantly enhance sanctuary efforts
to accomplish these goals.